副词及副词基本用法.ppt 49页

2020-07-17 今日热点 阅读

  注:(1)双音节副词early是原形词,它的比较级和最高级形式应为earlier, earliest.而形容词加后缀ly或去e加-y构成的副词则应加more或most构成比较级和最高级 (2)副词often的比较级和最高级可以加-er, -est构成,也可以加more, most 构成。 2)不规则副词的构成形式 原级 比较级 最高级 well better best badly worse worst little less least much more most far farther/further farthest/furthest 6.4B 副词的比较级和最高级 和形容词一样,在运用副词比较级和最高级时,要突出比较对象,省略雷同成分。副词的比较级和最高级在句中常见的结构有 1) “比较级+than+比较对象“ He did the exam more carefully than I. 他考试比我细心。 It is raining harder than ever. 雨下得更大了。 有时,than引导的从句可以省略,只表示对主语自身情况的比较或比较对象非常明确。 I think these photos are better taken. 我认为这些照片拍得更好。 2) “the+比较级...the+比较级“ The earlier you start your work, the sooner you'll get it finished. 你们越早开始工作,就完成得越早。 3) “as so /as+副词原级+as+比较对象”用于肯定形式。 “not so/as+副词原级+as+比较对象”用于否定形式,as 常可省略。 His stepmother loved him as dearly as his own mother. 他继母爱他像他生母一样深切。 They are not able to read so freely as their teacher. 他们读起来没有老师流利。 4) “(the)+最高级+介词短语(或从句)”副词最高级前通常可以不用定冠词the。 Of all the subjects I like English best. 在所有的学科中,我最喜欢英语。 Can you recommend me a young worker who works fastest and best in your factory? 你能给我们推荐一位你们厂里干活最快最好的青年工人吗? 副词比较级和最高级前也可以有一个相应的副词、副词词组或数词,表示比较的程度。 He is now working much harder than before. 他现在工作比以前更勤奋了。 Equipped with this new engine, the car runs three times as fast as a normal one. 装上了这种新的发动机,这辆轿车的速度比普通的轿车快两倍。 Lilei is _____ than any other _______ in his class. A. tall, students B. taller, students C. taller, student. 比较级+any other + 单数名词. “比其他任何……都……”. (暗指: 最高级) 1、the +最高级+of+比较范围 2、One of the +最高级 比较级: 最高级: 1.She is the ____________in the class. (young) 2.Jason is the ________of the three. (tall) 3.Whose handwriting is the ____of all? (good) youngest tallest best 最高级的用法 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比较用最高级,最高级的前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带of(in, among)短语来说明比较的范围. 1.她女儿是她们学校最好学生之一. 2.中国长城是世界

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